Classroom Connection: Teaching Mindfulness

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IMG_2615  Scott Todnem
“Few of us ever life in the present. We are forever anticipating what is to come or remembering what has gone.” – Louis L’Amour

Mindfulness emphasizes paying attention to the present moment in an accepting, nonjudgmental manner.

In other words, experiencing the now.

That’s how I define mindfulness for middle school students: Experiencing life as it’s happening. Mindfulness can sound confusing or even silly to a 13-year-old— “Wait… how else can we live?”— so background information helps, as well as examples, practice time, feedback… and perhaps a bit of sarcasm. It’s about living in the now, man.

Mindfulness is a topic that is gaining more and more attention lately, but it’s one that has centuries of use in various societies and spiritualities of the world.

It’s important to stress that mindfulness is not something we need to create from scratch. Instead, it’s a skill we already have— just one that’s always in development. As humans, we have the capacity to be consciously present in each moment, so mindfulness doesn’t require us to change who we are.

Going forward, this is not an expert synopsis of teaching mindfulness; instead, this is simply a look at how I am personally infusing the technique into mental health lessons. Like any Health Ed topic, I am allowing myself to constantly learn, for lessons to be fluid and accommodating, and I will update resources as I find more.

The Rationale
In seeking to provide the best Health Education experience we can, it is imperative to offer skill development to students that will benefit them for years to come.

Since it’s beginnings, Health Education has used meditation or quiet time inward as a reflective process, helping students learn the benefits of slowing down from time to time in order to have clarity with thoughts, feeling, and actions. We teach valuable lessons about analyzing influences from the past and we motivate with goal setting lessons looking ahead to the future.

I find mindfulness to be useful in the between.

It helps students to realize there is a healthy place in the present. A place where we don’t dwell too much on previous events or overthink what’s to come. There are times where it makes sense to live in the past or the future, but there are many moments each day/each week where it’s more important to live “right now.”

It is noteworthy that mindfulness for children, particularly young children, can be taught without needing a definition. Activities can be done without calling it “mindfulness” at all.

By middle school, I’ve found that students are in fact ready for a basic description, and while any grade works fine, I have focused on 7th grade in particular. We begin with a full definition but immediately follow that with something far more simple… again along the lines of “experiencing life as it is happening,” or “being aware of the present moment.”

To the point: whatever your choice of wording, its usefulness is clear: Mindfulness is a life skill that promotes healthy habits of emotional management, of decreasing distress and anxiety, and of increased concentration.

For research studies on the topic, you can read through this database of articles on mindfulness compiled by the American Mindfulness Research Association. Other resources and rationale below.

Reading:

Apps & Podcasts:

  • CALM Calm.com and its app provide free access to teachers!
  • Insight Timer The largest app for providing meditation exercises.
  • Pocket Mindfulness A “start here” blog and app with tips for beginners.
  • Aura Daily 3-minute meditation prompt.
  • NPR A list of podcasts out there on mindfulness.
  • Developing Good Habits Another list of mindfulness podcasts from recent months.

Teacher Resources:

The Process
When promoting mindfulness, teachers should approach things in a way that works best for their classroom and personality. Rarely is any Health Ed lesson one-size-fits-all, so no mindfulness activity will work perfectly with every age group or every student population.

Choose a style of mindfulness that best suits the needs of your unit, essential learnings, and state/national standards.

Hook
Whether you jump right into an activity or give some background first, you will want to use an activator that catches student attention. Again, do what works best for you, but some intro ideas I’ve used are in the next section, “The Examples.”

What It Is / What It Isn’t
Mindfulness does not need to be a 20-30 minute ordeal. After all, to be mindful is to be aware. A quick meditating “reset” can be done in 30 seconds, as discussed by Phil Boissiere in his Ted Talk.

Mindfulness does not need to be meditation. While awareness can utilize a focus on breathing, worry less about forcing students to concentrate but to instead be aware.

Mindfulness does not require us to sit in any meditation pose. However, drawing awareness to posture can be a useful technique, and having eyes closed can help as well.

Practice
Taking part in regular mindfulness doesn’t have to take up too much class time and is certainly not interfering in anything academic; instead, mindfulness stands on its own as a precursor to concentrated learning.

Perhaps your mindfulness practice is within a specific unit or skill focus. If you have multiple lessons in a row, they can build on one another. Another potential use is to offer a mindfulness activator before one lesson a week.

I use both: a multi-day focus during a mental health/self-management focus in 7th grade, and then we have “Mindful Mondays,” with a quick activity at the beginning of the period to kickstart the week.

The Wrap-up
Journal
Often, no reflection is necessary because the time inward can itself help focus the group; you may find the class primed and ready for what’s next with a calm readiness. That said, you can always use a journal prompt— this might work well if you are having students assess progress with their approach to mindfulness.
Q’s: What did you become aware of either within your own body/thoughts/emotions or the nearby environment? Did you notice anything different during this activity compared to previous lessons?

Small Group Reflection
Mindfulness activities are often silent, but social reflection is still allowed! Use a “turn & talk” method for quick check-ins.
Q’s: What helped you to focus on the present moment? Was it difficult? Do you feel calmer now? Were you frustrated or bored? What can you improve for next time?

Large Group Reflection
Give a chance for students to share as a big group as well. This could lead to beneficial conversations and allow you as the teacher an opportunity for feedback (both giving and receiving).
Q’s: Have you enjoyed our Mindful Mondays so far? What method of being mindful are you putting to use in your personal life? Have you shared any of this information with family members?

The Examples
I know many teachers use various stress management techniques from relaxation stations to zen gardens to simple coloring activities, all of which are fantastic. Here, however, I will focus strictly on the mindfulness end of things. Below are quick and simple mindful activities that I’ve found successful in the classroom. Most of these examples are aimed at the middle school level, but the basic concepts could definitely be expanded for high school teens or used with younger students. Make sure you’ve scoped the resources from “The Rationale” section above for lots of examples too!

Introductions

  • Just a Minute
    Students close their eyes or put their head down and the teacher starts an online stopwatch. Students quietly look up when they think one minute has passed. The goal is to get the closest to exactly one minute without cheating. Yes, this is more of a mental “game,” but it allows students to understand how to focus on the current moment and can lead into more discussions or activities. Discuss what senses felt heightened; what thoughts of the past/future were abandoned for the present moment; how this can apply to other life scenarios.
  • Change Something
    Students pair up and face each other, about 5 feet apart. Have one partner turn around for 30 seconds and close their eyes while the other student changes something, anything, about themselves. Examples: take off an earring, switch shoes, or put their hair behind an ear. Then the first partner turns around to quietly try to identify what has changed. Switch roles and carry on for a few rounds each. Discuss how this can lead to solo mindful walks or meditations.
  • Ted Talk
    Why Aren’t We Teaching You Mindfulness?” from Anne Marie Rossi. Spoken to adolescents, this can be used as an excellent intro to mindfulness concepts. Discuss your use in the class afterwards, or link this to your first mindfulness practice.

While mindfulness doesn’t have to be religious or spiritually based, it might be worth referencing historical uses of meditation. I adopted the Buddhist teachings slightly to match some categories for activities in Health class. Much of this stemmed from Noah Rasheta and his Secular Buddhism website/podcast.

Mindfulness doesn’t need categories, of course, but it just seemed natural as I aligned our work to the National Health Education Standards. For clarity in mindfulness activities, I often connect what I call the 3 I’s. (Or, if you want an interesting connection to the inner consciousness of Hinduism, use the term Third Eye.)

For use in Health class: impermanence, interdependence, and what I call insight.

Impermanence
The concept of impermanence is that physical and mental events come into and out of being. Life is a transient and continuous change of condition; much of our reality is in a state of flux.

Potential Health Ed units: Analyzing Influences, NHES #2; Decision Making NHES #5; and/or Self-Management, NHES #7.

  • The Bell Tolls (Mindful Listening)
    Students close their eyes closed or put their heads down. Ring a bell or use this YouTube video. Students quietly open eyes when they think the bell has stopped ringing. Discuss what students noticed about when people stop hearing sound vibrations at different points; people sat up early/later; relate static in video as it can represent distractions in life.
  • Head in the Clouds (Mindful Seeing)
    At the possibility of a nice, but cloudy, day, simply lay on the grass, face up, and watch the clouds for a set amount of time (3, maybe 5 minutes). Have them notice the movement of the cloud patterns, and which direction and speed they are traveling. Can we see the beginning or the end of the line of travel? Or, rather, does it dissolve into and out of existing within our sight?

Interdependence
Interdependence refers to our state of human connectedness. It is the connection of nature and life, of all things and of all situations. We are all linked in some way, with our presence made possible by many factors and by many people affecting each other.

Potential Health Ed units: Analyzing Influences, NHES #2;  Accessing Valid Info, NHES #3; Interpersonal Communication NHES #4; and/or Advocacy, NHES #8.

  • My Favorite Things (Mindful Thinking)
    Ask the students to think of an item of their choice, a favorite possession, either at school or at home. This can be a book, a piece of technology, an article of clothing, etc. Have them think about how that item got into their possession. Who had an impact? Was it created? How did them make that item? Who had an influence, whether it was resources or tools or the machines themselves. Have the students become aware that some of our favorite things exist only because of others. Ask the students to consider the many steps it took to get the item of their choice into existence.
  • The Origin of Food (Mindful Eating)
    A tricky one for school, but perhaps linked to upcoming or previous lunch period. Before/while/after eating, take a minute or more to quietly be mindful of what factors influenced the meal. Where did the food come from? What had to happen in order for it to get to your possession? Who made it possible for you to eat this meal? What allowed them to prepare/process/manufacture each item involved? How far back can you trace the origin of your food?

Insight
Gaining in-the-moment awareness and feedback, so we can be responsive. Reaction is involuntary, albeit healthy depending on the scenario. Being responsive to our senses and our surroundings allows mindful concentration and process time.

Potential Health Ed units: Interpersonal Communication NHES #4; Decision Making NHES #5; and/or Self-Management, NHES #7.

  • Hidden in Plain Sight (Mindful Seeing)
    Hide a toy or maybe a common/well-known prop in the classroom, but somewhere in plain sight. Alert the students that the item is there, and their job is to quietly find it, and notice where it is in comparison to its usual spot. Follow up mindful prompts from there.
  • Pass the Cup (Mindful Teamwork)
    This easily works for interdependence as well. Fill small cups of water about one inch from the rim. Ask the students to form groups of 4-6. Paying close attention, and trying not to spill, have them silently pass the cup of water back and forth through the line/circle. Have them focus on the purposeful movement of cup, hands, and arms. If it’s a trustworthy group, you can even have them try to pass the cup with their eyes closed, while still being silent. Maybe combine groups for a larger activity. Discuss what senses were heightened; could they hear the rustling of clothing or feel each others’ hands as they worked to pass the cup?

 

Reflection Questions for Teachers

  • What are your favorite mindfulness activities?
  • Is there a specific skill or unit that best lends itself towards mindfulness practice, or do you interweave it throughout the course of the quarter/semester/year?
  • Have you found success, or failure, in a certain type of set-up versus another? Will you share any ideas or examples?

Other activities and lesson ideas are shared throughout the school year on social media. Join the conversation!

YouTube.com/MrTodnem  Facebook.com/MrTodnem  Twitter.com/ScottAmpersand

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Student Choice


The Last/Next Time
Teaching blog shorts to get you thinking.

The Last Time
When was the last time you offered a choice project for students?
When were you able to let students choose how to prove their learning? What was the set-up for the choice project? In what ways were students allowed to present what they now know and connect to their own lives?

The Next Time
Take advantage of the next time you can offer choice in the classroom.
Many teachers already offer choice projects throughout the school year and realize that letting students create is the culmination of 21st century skills— critical thinking, communication, and collaboration all lead to creation. Choices therefore help for both learning enjoyment and preparation for the future. Freedom in assessment style is not always best, but consider offering choices when possible/plausible for students to buy-in and take ownership of their own education.

Share the Love


The Last/Next Time
Teaching blog shorts to get you thinking.

The Last Time
When was the last time you took a picture of your work in the classroom?
When were you able to share a snapshot of your students at work? Do you have a routine to display your activities? Or is it more of a spontaneous thing to share a pic or video on social media or through email?

The Next Time
Take advantage of the next time you can share a snapshot of your class in action.
Many teachers already share class activities on social media. Even if you can’t use students in the picture or video, a close-up of recent work can show insight into learning. Besides connecting with other educators, parents and students alike enjoy seeing the school in action. Don’t be shy; build that community relationship. Always have a camera ready in case of a photo opportunity! Another idea is to include a picture in email— perhaps you have a routine of “good news” messages sent home. Promote the class experience, through both success and failure, and remember to say cheese. :)

That’s Funny


The Last/Next Time
Teaching blog shorts to get you thinking.

The Last Time
When was the last time you used humor to your advantage in the classroom?
When were you most successful in telling a joke to break the ice, or what humor best connected to a recent lesson? Is it a recurring thing— something you always use with that unit? Or was there a spontaneous use of humor that really helped students connect with you and/or a topic?

The Next Time
Take advantage of the next time you can use humor to help connect with students.
Most teachers use humor each and every day in class— multiple times a day at that. It is well-known that students, and people in general, connect in a social setting when sharing a joke or a funny experience. For that upcoming lesson where you have humor planned or the next instance a joke lands well, cement that connection by immediately following up with a key concept. That opening in the minutes to follow is a sweet spot for learning. Link the current topic to best embed your point.

A Chance to Chat


The Last/Next Time
Teaching blog shorts to get you thinking.

The Last Time
When was the last time you offered social time to students?
Reflect on recent weeks of the school year. When were you last able to let students socialize, without a prompt? Have you been able to end class one or two minutes early, just because you could tell the group needed a break?

The Next Time
Take advantage of the next time you can offer an unstructured break.
We know that students thrive on structure within classrooms that provide sound academic challenges, and students already socialize during projects, small group work, role play, and class discussions. However, adolescents are constantly developing social health. Aside from the hallways or the lunchroom, think about offering an added chance to chat from time to time by ending class a bit early. No technology, no novels, just face to face conversation. Added bonus: jump in and be a role model for informal, interpersonal communication.

Change of Scenery


The Last/Next Time
Teaching blog shorts to get you thinking.

The Last Time
When was the last time you left the classroom?
Reflect on recent weeks of the school year. When were you last able to get students out of their seats and move around the classroom? Was there a time when you performed an activity in the hallway, common room area, or outside of the building?

The Next Time
Take advantage of the next time you can offer a change of scenery.
We know that movement helps boost neurons. As lessons call for it, we’re up and moving around the classroom throughout the week. However, a complete change in setting can also provide excitement, connections, and purposeful movement for students. Are you allowed to take a lesson “on the road?” Think about the next time you are able to extend your classroom and see how students respond.

Flip the Script


The Last/Next Time
Teaching blog shorts to get you thinking.

The Last Time
When was the last time you let the students teach?
Reflect on recent weeks of the school year. When did you last ask the learners to become the instructors? Was there a time when you gave students a voice to explain a concept in class, whether it was peer educators or just an informal description of a personal story or historical event?

The Next Time
Take advantage of the next time you can let students teach.
Teaching also benefits the instructor. To teach means to process in deeper ways that improves one’s own analysis and comprehension. Let students be the focus of learning— is there part of your curriculum where you, as the teacher, allow peer instruction? It doesn’t need to be a speech or presentation; instead, informally or in small groups, give students a voice and help them build on previous connections.

Lifelong Learner


The Last/Next Time
Teaching blog shorts to get you thinking.

The Last Time
When was the last time you learned with your students?
Reflect on recent units of the school year. When did you allow yourself to be a learner with your class? When was a time when you researched alongside students, analyzed information, explored, critiqued, reflected, and/or created?

The Next Time
Take advantage of the next time you can say, “I don’t know!”
Teachers don’t have all the answers. Students expect a lot from educators, but they also want to know that we are human and in search of more information ourselves. Being a lifelong learner can be taught by example. Have questions; seek out answers. Be willing to remain open to new ideas and information. Exhibit wonder yourself, and feel the positive class environment it helps create.

Change of Plans


The Last/Next Time
Teaching blog shorts to get you thinking.

The Last Time
When was the last time you altered plans while teaching?
Reflect on recent units of the school year. When did you allow yourself and your students to veer off in a direction that wasn’t planned? In other words, when did you last follow an interest of a certain class, letting the lesson focus on something that wasn’t predetermined?

The Next Time
Take advantage of the next time you can use a teachable moment.
It’s natural for teachers to jump at any given opportunity that pops up during the day. Allow yourself the freedom to do just that– follow the enthusiasm of your students. Be in the present, the “right here and now.” That flexibility is where the real magic of education can happen. The curriculum will always be there. Remember, you don’t teach a subject, you teach students.

Turn It Up

The Last/Next Time
Teaching blog shorts to get you thinking.

The Last Time
When was the last time you used music while teaching?
Reflect on the past few weeks of the school year. When did you last utilize music in the classroom? Do you play songs during class activities? Project work? Journaling? While students enter the room?

The Next Time
Take advantage of the next time you can put some tunes on.
Plug a little pop music into lessons. Maybe it’s instrumental during think time? How about a fitting song for a special day or that perfect song to connect to a lesson? No matter what your content area, be willing to turn up the volume in order to spark neurons, evoke emotion, or have some fun during transitions or downtime.